Dangerous goods are those articles or substances that which are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or property when transported by air. Many common items used everyday in the home or workplace may seem harmless, but, when transported by air, can be very dangerous. In flight, variations in temperature and pressure can cause items to leak, generate toxic fumes or start a fire.
In general, dangerous goods are prohibited in baggage. There are, however, certain exceptions for personal care, medical needs, sporting equipment, and items to support physically disabled passengers.
The following are those articles that may be carried by passengers on aircraft. The information is also in the table at the end of the list. Click here for a PDF version.
Goods acceptable with the approval of the operator(s).
The following goods may be carried on aircraft only with the approval of the operator(s). If you intend to carry one or more of the following items, please contact your airline(s) prior to your intended travel day. Airlines reserve the right not to accept any particular article for carriage.
· Small gaseous oxygen or air cylinders required for medical use (Devices containing liquid oxygen are forbidden on the person, in checked or carry-on baggage) ;
· As checked baggage only, securely packaged small arms ammunition in Division 1.4S, in quantities not exceeding 5 kg gross weight per person for that person’s own use, excluding ammunition with explosive or incendiary projectiles. Each persons allowance must be separately packed;
· As checked baggage, carbon dioxide, solid (dry ice) in quantities not exceeding 2 kg per person when used to pack perishables that are not classified as dangerous goods, provided the checked baggage (package) permits the release of carbon dioxide gas;
· Wheelchairs or other battery powered mobility aids with non spillable batteries as checked baggage only, provided the battery terminals are protected from short circuits and the battery is securely attached to the wheelchair or mobility aid;
Note: Wheelchairs/mobility aids with gel type batteries do not require the battery to be disconnected provided the battery terminals are insulated to prevent accidental short circuits.
· Wheelchairs or other battery powered mobility aids with spillable batteries as checked baggage only, provided that the wheelchair or mobility aid can be loaded, stowed, secured and unloaded always in an upright position and that the battery is disconnected, the battery terminals are protected from short circuits and the battery is securely attached to the wheelchair or mobility aid. If the wheelchair or mobility aid cannot be loaded stowed, secured and unloaded always in an upright position, the battery must be removed and the wheelchair or mobility aid may then be carried as checked baggage without restriction. The removed battery must be carried in strong, rigid packagings as follows:
· packagings must be leak-tight and impervious to the battery fluid;
· batteries must be protected against short circuits, secured upright in these packagings and surrounded by compatible absorbent material sufficient to absorb their total liquid contents; and
· these packaging must be marked “BATTERY, WET WITH WHEELCHAIR” or “BATTERY WET WITH MOBILITY AID” and be labelled with the “Corrosive” label and with the “Package Orientation” label.
It is recommended that passengers make advance arrangements with each operator; also unless batteries are non-spillable they should be fitted, where feasible, with spill-resistance vent caps;
· No more than two small cylinders of carbon dioxide or another suitable gas in Division 2.2 per person fitted into a self inflating life jacket for inflation purposes, plus no more than two spare cartridges;
· Heat producing articles, (i.e. battery operated equipment such as underwater torches and soldering equipment which, if accidentally activated, will generate extreme heat and can cause fire) may be carried in carry-on baggage only. The heat producing component, or the energy source, must be removed so as to prevent unintentional functioning during transport.
· One avalanche rescue back pack per person equipped with a pyrotechnic trigger mechanism containing not more than 200 mg net of Division 1.4S and not more than 250 mg of compressed gas of Division 2.2. The backpack must be packed in such a manner that it cannot be accidentally activated. The airbags within the backpack must be fitted with pressure release valves.
· As checked baggage only, camping stoves and fuel containers for camping stoves that have contained a flammable liquid fuel may be carried provided the fuel tank of the camping stove and/or fuel container has been completely drained of all liquid fuel and action has been taken to nullify the danger.
Note: Many airlines have adopted a standard procedure to ensure that the danger has been nullified. It is recommended that you contact the airline prior to the date of departure to ensure that you follow this procedure.
· Insulated packaging containing refrigerated liquid nitrogen (dry shipper) fully absorbed in a porous material and intended for transport, at low temperature, of non-dangerous products provided the insulated packaging would not allow the build up of pressure within the container and would not permit the release of any refrigerated liquid nitrogen irrespective of the orientation of the insulated packaging.
Goods acceptable without the approval of the operator(s). Top
The following goods may be carried on aircraft as baggage without the approval of the operator(s).
· When in retail packagings, alcoholic beverages containing not more than 70 per cent alcohol by volume, when packed in receptacles not exceeding 5 L; with a total net quantity per person of 5 L for such beverages;
Note: Alcoholic beverages containing less than 24 per cent alcohol by volume are not subject to any restrictions.
· Non-radioactive medicinal or toilet articles (including aerosols). Also aerosols in Division 2.2, with no subsidiary risk, for sporting or home use in checked baggage only. The total net quantity of all such articles carried by each passenger must not exceed 2 kg or 2 L and the net quantity of each single article must not exceed 0.5 kg or 0.5 L. Release valves on aerosols must be protected by a cap or other suitable means to prevent inadvertent release of the contents. The term “medicinal or toilet article (including aerosols)” is intended to include such items as hair sprays, perfumes, colognes and medicines containing alcohols;
· Small cylinders of a gas of Division 2.2 worn for the operation of mechanical limbs. Also spare cylinders of similar size if required to ensure an adequate supply for the duration of the journey.
· As carry-on baggage, carbon dioxide, solid (dry ice) in quantities not exceeding 2 kg per person when used to pack perishables that are not classified as dangerous goods, provided the package permits the release of carbon dioxide gas;
· Safety matches or a lighter intended for use by an individual when carried on the person. However, lighters containing unabsorbed liquid fuel (other than liquefied gas), lighter fuel and lighter refills are not permitted on one’s person or in checked or carry-on baggage;
Note: “Strike anywhere’ matches are forbidden for air transport.
· Radioisotope cardiac pacemakers or other devices, including those powered by lithium batteries, implanted into a person, or radio-pharmaceuticals contained within the body of a person as the result of medical treatment;
· Hair curlers containing hydrocarbon gas, no more than one per passenger, provided that the safety cover is securely fitted over the heating elements. These hair curlers must not be used on board the aircraft at any time and gas refills for such curlers must not be carried;
· One small medical or clinical thermometer which contains mercury, for personal use, when in its protective case. Top
· Lithium or lithium ion cells or batteries contained in consumer electronic devices (watches, calculating machines, cameras, cellular phones, lap-top computers, camcorders etc) when carried by passengers for personal use. Spare batteries must be individually protected so as to prevent short circuits and carried in carry-on baggage only. In addition, spare lithium batteries must not exceed the following quantities:
· for lithium metal or lithium alloy batteries, a lithium content of not more than 2 grams; or
· for lithium ion batteries, an aggregate equivalent lithium content of not more than 8 grams.
· Lithium ion batteries with an aggregate equivalent lithium content of more than 8 grams but not more than 25 grams may be carried in carry-on baggage if they are individually protected so as to prevent short circuits and are limited to two spare batteries per person.
Note: “lithium content” means the mass of lithium in the anode of a lithium metal or lithium alloy cell, except in the case of a lithium ion cell the “lithium-equivalent content” in grams is calculated to be 0.3 times the rated capacity in ampere-hours.